Program Schedule



8:00-8:50 AM (Barnes-Heller) Neuroanatomical lesion localization – what you really need to know to be successful
Interpretation of the neurologic examination is critical to successful lesion localization and lesion localization is critical to developing a differential list, and diagnostic plan. You don’t need to be a neurologist to be successful! Learn tips on how to localize a lesion within the brain, spinal cord or neuromuscular system. During this session we will review pertinent neuroanatomy and will practice lesion localization through case-based discussions.
• Increase understanding of neuro anatomy as it relates to lesion localization.
• Have increased ease of localizing lesions to the brain, spinal cord or neuromuscular system based on the neurologic examination.
1 CE Credits

9:00-9:50 AM (Barnes-Heller) Acute seizure management – what do we really know about the drugs we give?
Acute seizure management requires rapid recognition of the event, and a thorough understanding of available anti-convulsant drugs. What do we “know” about the drugs we give? What routes are appropriate, and which are not? Using a case-based approach we will explore these topics, and more while reviewing available literature surrounding acute seizure drugs.
• List the most common acute seizure management drugs used in dogs and cats.
• Understand the mechanism of action for acute seizure drug.
1 CE Credits

10:10-11:00 AM (Odunayo) Hypertension in the ICU
This session will review and discuss the various causes of hypertension in the ER and ICU, as well as recognition and treatment.
• Understand the definition of hypertension as related to veterinary medicine.
• Understand physiologic regulation of blood pressure.
• Identify clinical signs associated with hypertension, as well as indications for emergency management of hypertension.
• Understand differences in pharmacologic intervention in the therapeutic management of hypertension.
• Understand the options for treating rectal prolapse
1 CE Credits

11:10-NOON (Mazzaferro) Causes of Collapse: Seizure, Syncope. And More!
We all see these cases, but often the presentation is very confusing and not obvious. Immediate intervention is necessary… but what is the cause and how life-threatening?
• Discuss causes of collapse
• Understand causes of collapse
1 CE Credit

1:30-2:20 PM (Barnes-Heller) Use and Misuse of Transdermal and Extended Release Anticonvulsant Drugs in Cats
Transdermal products are becoming more popular among clients, especially for cat owners. We recently completed clinical trials evaluating transdermal levetiracetam and phenobarbital in cats, as well as extended-release levetiracetam in small dogs and cats. We will discuss the results of these trials and discuss appropriate, and inappropriate times to use these drugs.
• Learn about transdermal phenobarbitol and levetiracetam and the appropriate times to consider using these drugs in cats.
• Learn about extended release levetiracetam and the pros and cons of using this product for cats.
1 CE Credit

2:30-3:20 PM (Odunayo) Use of neuromuscular blocking agents in critically ill patients
This session will focus on the use of NMB agents in critically ill dogs and cats with emphasis on mechanically ventilated patients.
• Understand how neuromuscular blocking agents work.
• Understand the difference between non-depolarizing and depolarizing neuromuscular blockers.
• Understand indications for neuromuscular blocking agents in critical care.
• Discuss complications associated with neuromuscular blocking.
1 CE Credit

3:40-4:30 PM (Odunayo) Hepatic Encephalopathy
This session will review pathophysiology of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) in dogs and cats. There will be a brief overview of common diseases that might cause HE, clinical presentation, clinicopathological findings and therapeutic options for treating dogs and cats with HE.
• Understand the definition of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) and the relationship between FHF and hepatic encephalopathy.
• Understand precipitating factors for HE in dogs and cats.
• Review clinical signs associated with HE in dogs and cats.
• Understand therapeutic options for treating veterinary patients with HE.
1 CE Credit

4:40-5:30 PM (Rudloff) Meningitis in the ER
Meningoencephalomyelitis (MEM) is an all-encompassing term which refers to inflammation of the meninges and neuroparenchyma of the brain and spinal cord tissue. The onset of MEM may be acute and progressive in nature, prompting a visit to the emergency clinic. Rapid deterioration can lead to altered states of consciousness, seizures, intracranial hypertension and death. Increased awareness by primary care and emergency veterinarians can lead to more rapid intervention and may improve outcome.
• Recognize the clinical signs associated with meningitis.
• Understand the causes of meningitis.
• Understand what can be done in acute cases to diagnose and treat.
1 CE Credit

Food, drink, and fun!


8:00-8:30am (Rudloff) Mannitol or Hypertonic Saline?
Every ECC clinician has asked the question- Mannitol or Hypertonic Saline? Information will be presented to explore the answer to this question.
• To understand when hyperosmolar agents should be considered.
• Identify the differences and similarities of mannitol and hypertonic saline.
0.5 CE Credit

8:30-9:00 AM (Rudloff) How I manage post-ictal mania
Who can stand the raucous barking and agitation of the postictal dog? Those patients require close supervision, but their behavior disrupts the recovery of the other patients. Options for anxiolysis and sedation of the agitated post ictal dog will be reviewed.
• Identify sedative options for agitated patients in the ICU
• Identify alternative options for dealing with the rambunctious ICU patient
0.5 CE Credit

9:10-9:40 AM (Odunayo) Does that dog have tetanus?
Though uncommon, patients with tetanus end up being great critical care cases. This session will cover causes, diagnosis and therapeutic management of tetanus in small animal patients.
• Review Clostridium tetani and tetanospasmin, the bacteria and toxin responsible for tetanus in dogs and cats.
• Understand clinical presentation of tetanus in veterinary patients.
• Understand treatment options, complications and prognosis of tetanus in veterinary patients.
• Discuss mechanical ventilation of patients with tetanus.
0.5 CE Credit

9:50-10:20 AM (Odunayo) VetTalks – Research update on acid suppressant therapy: Famotidine
This session will provide an overview of recent research focused on the use of famotidine in dogs. This session will focus on the potential role of famotidine administered as a constant rate infusion, in dogs with severe gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Famotidine utilized as a CRI may be a valuable option in dogs with severe gastrointestinal hemorrhage (20-30 minutes).
• Understand the mechanism of action of histamine receptor antagonist- famotidine and some limitations of its use in veterinary patients.
• Provide a brief overview of causes and challenges associated with gastrointestinal bleeding in critically ill patients.
• Review the findings of an unpublished research project evaluating the use of famotidine as a constant rate infusion in dogs.
0.5 CE Credit

10:40-11:30 AM (Barnes-Heller) Managing a Pain in the Neck: Acute onset Cervical Pain
What are the common causes of neck pain? Can you anticipate which breed may have a fracture or subluxation, and which might have a ruptured disc? This session will be a case-based session, focused on these topics as well as proper handling and restraint of an animal with acute cervical pain.
• Learn the most common causes of neck pain.
• Understand management techniques for dogs with cervical pain.
1 CE Credit

11:40 AM- 12:10 PM (Steve Epstein) Intralipids to Treat Toxicities
This session will focus on the common toxins in the emergency room that can be treated with intravenous lipid emulsion and how to decide whether to treat.
• Review the proposed mechanisms for intralipid in the treatment of intoxications.
• Review the toxicants that intralipid can be used to treat.
• Discuss the treatment protocol for intralipid administration.
0.5 CE Credit




8:00-9:00 AM (Odunayo) Journal Club 2018
This session will highlight some of the top literature in Emergency and Critical Care in 2018 specifically related to neurology.
• Provide overview of articles specific to emergency and critical care neurology.
• Outline take-home messages that will be directly relevant to clinical practice.
1 CE Credit

9:10-9:40 AM (Mazzaferro) How I Approach Patients with Regurgitation
Regurgitation is a frustrating aspect in many small animal patients, particularly those that occur post op. This presentation will discuss pathophysiology and causes of pre- and post-operative regurgitation and esophagitis, therapies and procedures used to treat and prevent regurgitation and use case descriptions of how to manage and prevent regurgitation in the critically ill small animal patient.
• Identify common causes of Regurgitation in the ER and ICU.
• Discuss mechanisms of actions of therapies used to prevent and treat regurgitation.
• Discuss multimodal therapies and nutrition in the regurgitating patient.
0.5 CE Credit

9:50 AM-NOON (Rudloff and Panel) Case studies of neurological emergencies
Case management of neurological emergencies will vary and depend somewhat on evidence-based medicine and more on experience-based trial and error. This session will bring forth approaches to challenges with management of neurological and other types of emergencies.
• Identify challenges with managing neurological emergencies.
• Recognize individual needs of different types of neurological emergencies.
2 CE Credits


  • On/Before January 3, 2018 – $50 Fee
  • January 3, 2018 – February 23, 2018 – $100 Fee
  • After February 23, 2018 – No Refund